The Republic of Moldova has been literally blessed to have a fertile soil, moderate climate, an a convenient geographic position, which overall ensure a generous bio-diversity and a high degree of adaptability of the flora and fauna to life in this country. Agriculture and processing industry are among the main pillars of Moldovan economy.
Fresh and processed fruit, grapes, wines, and tobacco items make up a significant part in the exports - around 40% of all. The European Union remains the largest sale market for these products and CIS countries absorb another significant part of exports. In 2019 agriculture, forestry and fisheries accounted altogether for 9.9% of Moldova’s Gross Domestic Product (-0.2%), and along with the processing industry they made up a share of more than 15%. the agricultural sector employs less than 30% of the country’s active labor force.
Moldovan farmers have adopted modern technologies and techniques of cultivation, based on innovation, also increasing the irrigated fields and the areas protected against natural disasters. Over the last years they founded new plantations of kernel nuts, vine from resistant varieties, and various berries.
Agricultural infrastructure and logistics have improved, and so has the value chains, and these measures enabled farmers to supply fruit and vegetables to domestic supermarkets up to nine months a year. Some agri-enterprises have migrated to bio farming. Many technologies and innovations implemented in Moldova come along with the Western technical assistance, which has been exempted from the largest part of fiscal obligations included VAT.