Located in Eastern Europe, between the Prut and Dniester rivers, the Republic of Moldova is a territory of about 33,840 square kilometers in the southeastern part of the Tectonic Platform of Southern Europe. The relief is fragmented, represented by successions of plateaus and plains. The average altitude is 147 meters above sea level, the maximum being 430 meters (Bălănești Hill, 60 km west of Chisinau). The climate is temperate-continental. Winters are mild and summers are dry.
Entry into the Republic of Moldova by land can be through one of the two countries with which we share a common border - Romania in the west or Ukraine in the north, east and south. Spiritually, socially, economically and politically linked to both the Commonwealth of Independent States and the European Union, the Republic of Moldova is a natural bridge between the two blocs.
Overall there are 31 border crossings from Ukraine by land (by car, rail or river) and 9 border crossings from Romania (by car or rail). The full list of these points can be downloaded in the Word here and here, or viewed online on the map of the Border Police's website here.
On the Ukrainian border segment, the most used entry-exit routes are the Briceni, Ocnița, Palanca, Stepanovka, Reni crossing points, and on the Romanian segment the traffic is more intense through Sculeni, Ungheni, Leușeni, Giurgiulesti.
However, most tourists come by air. The country's main air gate - Chisinau International Airport - meets the best traditions of passenger service and the latest innovations, offering excellent comfort and direct connections with most European capitals.
It takes between one and four hours to reach any region of Europe with one of the many companies that run offices in Chisinau and operate flights to and from the Republic of Moldova. A total of 19 airlines provide connections to 40 destinations, including direct flights to Vienna, Paris, Frankfurt, London, Geneva, Rome, Verona, Venice, Moscow, Dubai, Bucharest, Milan, Kiev, Warsaw, Istanbul.
Passenger transport is provided by local carriers Air Moldova, HiSky and FlyOne, but also by many foreign companies including TAROM, Aeroflot, Turkish Airlines, Austrian, Lufthansa, AirItaly, S7 Airlines, Arkia, UIA, WizzAir, LOT.
Getting a visa
The Republic of Moldova benefits from a liberalized visa regime with the European Union and the CIS countries. Moldovan citizens can visit any country signatory to the Schengen Agreement for tourism purposes, without the need for an entry visa or residence permit, for a certain period of time.
At the same time, citizens of the EU, CEFTA, USA, Great Britain, Switzerland, Japan, Canada, Turkey, Israel, Australia and other over 50 countries are allowed to visit our country without being required to hold a Moldovan visa (full list of countries here). They may stay in the Republic of Moldova for as long as 90 days during 6 months since the first entry.
Foreign nationals who need visas can obtain them at one of the diplomatic missions accredited in the host country (the list of missions can be found on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, here) or through the government portal evisa.gov.md, designed for issuance short-stay visas (type C).
Also, foreigners may request assistance from the embassies and consular sections accredited in the Republic of Moldova regarding the conditions of travel or business in our country (the list of foreign diplomatic missions can be downloaded here).
Upon entering and leaving the Republic of Moldova, travelers are subject to customs rules on import and export duties. In general, they do not differ much from existing regulations in other countries - personal belongings, transportation means in possession and pocket money, but also items without commercial value are not subject to declaration or taxation. More information about the conditions of introduction or removal of goods from the Republic of Moldova can be viewed on the website of the Customs Service, here.
It is not mandatory to declare amounts up to 10,000 euros, in any currency; amounts between 10,000 and 50,000 euros are to be declared but no fees apply for withdrawing or introducing this money into the country. Details here.
The authorities responsible for managing passenger flows operate hotlines that are available to people who want to learn new information or report an incident:
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration: + 37322-788722 ; firstname.lastname@example.org
Customs Service: + 37322-788888 ; email@example.com
Border Police: + 37322-259717 ; firstname.lastname@example.org