The machine-building industry has strong roots in Moldova that come from the Soviet past, being represented by a surprisingly diverse multitude of branches, covering civil appliances such as oil and gas processing and distribution, electrotechnical, machine tools, instrument-making, tractors and agricultural equipment, utility vehicles, hydrotechnical, pumps and automation, generally being heavily touched by the military industrial supply chain of the Soviet Union.
After the dissolution of the USSR, the industrial layout of the country suffered important changes once the former state-owned industrial enterprises converted to private companies that emerged to alternative manufacturing and the path to foreign investments has been opened. Machine building industry has undergone significant changes, while the large plants ceased their activity, orienting primarily to delivering subcontracting services, such as machined components, welded structures, processing of rubber and plastic goods, new companies have risen, and currently, the industry is represented by a series of national and foreign capital companies specialized in outsourcing services or manufacturing finished products for the global market.
Many of the traditional products are still manufactured today, though a lot of companies adopted innovative production processes and deliver new, innovative products. A non-comprehensive list of the key products of the industry would cover: pumps, electric public transport, machine or aviation components, metal structures for the heavy industry or civil engineering, high value electrical and electronic components and products, instrumentation and precision tool manufacture, production lines and industrial automation, all being fully served by the domestic industrial engineering intellectual capital.
Moldova offers a strong technical education system that combines the fundamental education with the practical, hands on approach. The high technical education institutions are flexible to rearrange and develop modern laboratories and adjust the study programs under a constant dialog with industry representatives. Since 2016, Moldova excels at implementing the Dual VET Education. Based on the German Dual VET system, the professional technical education revives the inherited technical schools and colleges, currently numbering over 40 different trades delivered in over 70 Dual VET Institutions, including specialized programs for machine building, mechatronics, CNC machines handling and industrial automation.