Moldova Demography and Workforce

The Republic of Moldova has every reason to be proud of highly qualified specialists in various fields, thanks to an excellent system of education and continuous staff training. Workers and free practitioners are esteemed for discipline, diligence, punctuality, and dedication to their professions. 

The Republic of Moldova has a population between 3.4 and 3.5 million permanent residents (except for the Transnistrian region and Bender city), structured as a poly-ethnic society. Romanian speakers make up the largest group of citizens - more than 75% (Russian is widely used in the social-economic life and the generations born after the country had emerged independent are fluent in other languages too, especially English. 



In the country’s capital, Chișinău (including suburbs), there are around 830,000 residents.

Official statistical data for 2019 show that urban population makes up 1.5 million people and rural one accounts to 2 million people. The number of women compared to men is 1.8 million to 1.7 million. Average life expectancy is 69 years for men and 77 years for women (figures for 2018). The same year the average number of doctors per 10,000 residents was 47.

Moldova has a 1.25-million strong active workforce and the general occupation rate is 40%. As many as 739,000 people were employed in economy in 2018. Unemployment stood at some 4% next year. The number of jobless could have risen due to Covid-19 ever since. A large part of Moldovan citizens have emigrated or are migrant workers.

Eighteen public institutions of higher education and nine private institutions of higher education have been accredited in Moldova. There are also 44 vocational training schools. More than 19,400 students were enrolled in Moldovan universities and academies in the 2019-20 academic year. At least 425 graduates completed a doctor’s degree in 2019.

The dual education system is increasingly popular as it allows students to follow a professional internship at an enterprise during their 2-3 years of study and thus lets them earn experience before graduation - with possible employment upon the completion of the training cycle.

The Republic of Moldova runs an education system similar to the European models: pre-school level, primary school, gymnasium level, lyceum level, professional school / college, higher education (university or academy), and post-graduate studies.

The population’s literacy rate is above 99%. Primary and secondary education is mandatory and free for all citizens.

Source: National Statistical Bureau